Notable events on this day in Russian history
1868: Maria Andreeva, actress, born.
1874: The first Socialist Party (from 1874-1876 the Social Democratic Workingmen's Party) was founded in the U.S. by German immigrants. By 1876 became the Socialist Labor Party (from the German: Sozialistische Arbeiter Partei).
1920: Mikhail Tukhachevsky (Red Army commander) led a Soviet offensive against Poland that initially looked decisive, but later turned into a rout
1942: Sevastopol in Crimea fell to German forces after an eight-month siege (begun October 30, 1941).
1943: The Battle of Kursk begins. It will be the largest tank battle of WWII. Last until August 23.
1960: Soviet Tass announced that Russia successfully launched, a month earlier, a new 4,400-pound-thrust rocket carrying a rabbit and two dogs to a reported altitude of 124.8 miles.
1961: Soviet military submarine K-19 suffers major nuclear meltdown off the coast of Norway.
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